Lighting plays important role in the Photography which gives life to the Captured Photos. Lighting can generate effects, including spectacular shadows or silhouettes, or it may have a distinctly negative influence by creating unwanted glare and reflections as well.
Hard & Soft Light:
Hard light produces the dark shadows and also it tends to originate from a single light source which is either located near or far away. By Contrast, soft light produces either the soft shadows or no shadows at all, It can be generated from the several light sources by using some kind of barrier in between.
Reflectors generally act as the secondary lighting source, All kinds of things can be used as reflectors, whether shooting indoors or outdoors. These include professional reflectors or just sheets of paper.
In natural lighting, clouds are the best examples of diffusers. When it comes to the artificial lighting any semi-transparent material that softens the light can be used as diffusers. Lamp shades are a great example of light diffusion. Even a thin white cloth can be used as a diffuser.
Artificial Vs. Natural Light:
As a photographer, you should know to handle the natural light in favor of you to take better shots in the outdoors. Early morning and the late evenings will be the correct time to go for outdoor shoot by depending on the natural lights. When it comes to the artificial lighting, as a photographer you can use the lightings as per your comfort to get the better pictures.
Finally, Despite being indoor or outdoor, As a professional photographer, you should be able to use the lighting in favor of you in all the worst possible conditions to get the best pictures. Artificial lighting will help you in terms of indoor photography whereas the natural lighting in outdoor photography.