1. Get Basic Composition Down
Composition is the heart of a photograph, which are the position of different elements in a frame. The easiest rule of thumb to learn is the Rule of Thirds. You will break your frame into nine squares roughly in equal size. Try to align the subject of your photo along the lines and intersections and imagine that the main image divides over the nine boxes. This gives you a more dramatic, visually interesting shot than one where your subject is located within the center. The camera has the rule of thirds grid overlay that you can activate when shooting.
2. Adjust Exposure Compensation
If you aren’t shooting in full manual mode, your digital camera should make decisions that determine exposure of a photo in English, how light or dark the shot appears. The camera looks at a scene and tries to determine the appropriate exposure based on the correct lighting of a grey card, there is a mode for snow the camera would try to make the white snow grey.
It is too light or dark, you can delve through the scene modes that are available in modern point and shoot cameras or simply dial in a bit of exposure compensation. A lot of cameras have a physical button or dial for the identified a+/- symbol. If your photos are too dark, move the scale above zero however if it is too light move it down a bit.
3.Think About Lighting
Pay attention to how much lighting you have and where it is coming from when you take your photos. If you are shooting outdoor, be careful not to take photos of a person when the sun is behind them. If you are getting a photo of a landmark and cannot adjust your position, you can use the camera flash to fill in shadows. You might have to manually activate the flash as it may not be activated on a bright day.